Invertebrate Sentience: Urgent But Understudied

There is not, and may never be, an unambiguous and universally-accepted metric for whether an organism can suffer or not. Nonetheless, our perceptions of animal behavior and cognition are related to our decisions about using animals.

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Georgia Ray’s Research Plan

My personal interest in wild-animal suffering (WAS) research, and in spreading knowledge about WAS, is mostly in assessing existing wild-animal suffering.

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Parasite Load and Disease in Wild Animals

Parasites are organisms that live on or in another host organism and redirect its resources for themselves. They are nearly as old as life itself, having existed since before the days of the last universal common ancestor of all life.

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